Maturity

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An important cotton fibre characteristic which expresses the relative degree of thickening of wall. It is sometimes defined as the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the fibre wall to the area of a circle having the same perimeter as that of the fibre, or the ratio of the average wall thickness to the radius of the circle having the same perimeter as that of the fibre. However, in practice, measurement of the degree of wall thickening is seldom carried out and the average maturity of a given sample of cotton is estimated by one or more of several indirect tests which are often used to discover the proportion of fibres having a maturity greater than some selected level

Textile Resource (http://www.textile.org.uk)

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