Merino

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(1) Wool from merino sheep. The merino breed of sheep originated in Spain and the wool is noted for its fineness and whiteness. It was confined to Spain until the late 1700’s when merino sheep were exported to, and bred in, many other countries. Well known types of merino are: Australian Ramboulliet, Vermount, South African, Saxony etc. The word ‘merino’ is now almost synonymous with ‘fine wool’
(2) A pre-20th century term applied in France and Germany to worsted fabrics produced from yarns using merino or other fine wools
(3) A plainback worsted fabric developed in England in the 1820’s. It was made from fine yarns spun from merino or other fine wools of 23 to 28 tex for the warp and 17 to 22 tex for the weft. The stimulus for the development of this fabric was the availability of fine machine-spun worsted yarn
(4) Woollen fabrics made in England from yams produced from wool reclaimed from soft woollen and worsted dress goods
(5) A French shawl made from two-fold warp yam using merino wool. The weft yarn is made from other wool or silk
(6) A fine cotton fabric used as a dress material in the Philippines. It is made from yarns of 13 tex for the warp, and 15 to 10 tex for the weft with 32 ends x 32 picks per cm
see also wool

Textile Resource (http://www.textile.org.uk)

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