Nonwoven fabric

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In general, a textile structure made directly from fibre rather than yarn. Fabrics are normally made from extruded continuous filaments or from fibre webs or batts strengthened by bonding using various techniques: these include adhesive bonding, mechanical interlocking by needling or fluid jet entanglement, thermal bonding and stitch bonding.

Note: Opinions vary as to the range of fabrics to be classified as nonwoven. The controversial areas are:
(1) wet-laid fabrics, containing wood pulp, in which the boundary with paper is not clear
(2) stitch-bonded fabrics, which contain some yarn for bonding purposes
(3) needled fabrics containing reinforcing fabric
see also knitweave

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